Best evergreen and popular programming languages to learn

There are too many programming languages in IT/Software field , so it is hard to decide for a newcomer to choosing the best language to learn. The following are the few languages according to their popularity. The popularity depend on many factor such as by the availability of jobs, salary paid etc -

  1. JavaScript
  2. Java
  3. Python
  4. C#
  5. PHP
  6. Swift
  7. C++
  8. C
  9. Ruby
  10. Go
  11. Kotlin
  12. Objective-C
  13. Rust
  14. TypeScript
  15. Scala
  16. Clojure
  17. Elixir
  18. R
  19. Haskell
  20. Erlang

1- JavaScript-

JavaScript is a dynamic, weakly typed, prototype-based and multi-paradigm, high-level, interpreted programming language. Alongside HTML and CSS, JavaScript is one of the three core technologies of the World Wide Web. Now days JavaScript are popular scripting language for web and server side also. JavaScript frameworks are one of the most favored platform for developers & businesses in today’s time. Following are the few popular framework in javascript-

  1. Angular.js
  2. Backbone.js
  3. React.js
  4. Embre.js
  5. Aurelia.js
  6. Meteor.js
  7. Node.js
  8. Polymer.js
  9. Vue.js
  10. Socket.js

2- Java is a versatile general-purpose, evergreen  programming language that is used to create cross-platform applications .Java is  used for desktop,web and mobile applications(Android).

3- Python is a powerful high-level programming language that is gaining immense’s extensively used for a wide range of tasks, including web development, machine learning, and data processing.

4- C# is a programming language from Microsoft that's at the core of the .net framework. Although a cross-platform capable code, C# is most often used by programmers within the Microsoft ecosystem. It is also used for desktop,web and mobile applications.

5- PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is a server-side scripting language designed for Web development, and also used as a general-purpose programming language. It is estimated that 81.7% of the websites on the Web is using PHP server-side programming language.The popular PHP frameworks are Laravel,Phalcon,Symfony,CodeIgniter, CakePHP,Zend and Yii 2 etc.

6- Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, Linux and z/OS. Swift is designed to work with Apple's Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks and the large body of existing Objective-C code written for Apple products.

7- C++  can be used in web and desktop applications but it is considered a more prestigious language used for applications such as games, operating systems, and very low-level programming that requires better control of hardware on the PC or server.

8- C is a high-level and general-purpose programming language that is ideal for developing firmware or portable applications. Specially intended for writing system software.

9- Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language used for web development.GitHub  and Fiverr are build on Ruby.

10- Go designed by Google engineers Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. It mostly used in Networking and Web servers, Automation and Command-line tools, Producing maintainable code.

11- Kotlin is a statically typed programming language that runs on the JVM and is completely interoperable with Java. Kotlin is used for developing Android apps, along with Java.

12-Objective-C - It is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language. Objective-C is the main programming language used by Apple for the OS X and iOS operating systems and their respective APIs, Cocoa and Cocoa Touch prior to the introduction of Swift.

13- Rust is a systems programming language with a focus on safety, especially safe concurrency, supporting both functional and imperative paradigms. Rust is syntactically similar to C++, but it provide better memory safety and performance.

14- TypeScript is an open-source programming language developed and maintained by Microsoft. It is a superset of JavaScript, existing JavaScript programs are also valid TypeScript programs. It may be used to develop JavaScript applications for both client-side and server-side (Node.js) execution.

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